Carbon steel pipes are metallic pipes made of Carbon steel, an alloy composed of Steel, Iron and Carbon. CS pipes are an indispensable product of the construction and metal industry, finding applications in transport of oil and natural gas, wastewater transport and chemical processing to name a few.
Tirox Steel India is a Carbon steel pipe manufacturer in India. We manufacture a wide variety of Carbon Steel pipes of premium quality. Each Carbon steel pipe that we manufacture, redefines strength, durability and has an unparalleled finish.
The grades of Carbon steel pipes are written as A, B or X. eg. X42, X46, X52. The two digits after the alphabet denote the Minimum Yield Strength (in 000's psi).
Types of Carbon Steel Pipes
API 5L X42 pipes
API 5L X42 PSL1 pipes are ultra-low or low carbon steel micro alloy pipes. Manganese, Phosphorus and Sulphur are used as alloyants to manufacture these pipes. These elements enhance the mechanical properties and strength of the pipes. The API 5L X42 PSL1 pipe is made up of 0.26 percent carbon, 1.30 percent manganese, and 0.03 percent phosphorus and sulphur. API 5L X42 PSL2 pipe has a chemical composition of 0.22 percent carbon, 1.40 percent manganese, 0.025 percent phosphorus, and 0.015 percent sulphur.
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API 5L X52 pipes
API 5L X52 Pipe is a low-carbon steel pipe with a yield strength of 52ksi. API 5L X52 PSL1 pipe is composed of Carbon, Manganese, Phosphorus, Sulfur, Silicon, Vanadium, Niobium and Titanium. API 5L X52 PSL2 pipe has a similar chemical composition; it lacks Silicon. API 5L X52 Pipes are used in the heat exchangers, condensers, pulp and paper industry, off-shore oil drilling companies, power generation and petrochemical industry.
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API 5L X60 pipes
A API 5L X60 PSL1 pipe contains C ≤ 0.26%, Si ≤ 0.45, Mn ≤ 1.4%, P ≤ 0.030%, S ≤ 0.030%, Cu ≤ 0.50%, Nickel ≤ 0.50%, Cr ≤ 0.50%, Mo ≤ 0.15%, and the sum of the Nb, V, Ti shall be ≤ 0.06%. Incase of API 5L X60 PSL2 pipe, C ≤ 0.12, Si ≤ 0.45, Mn ≤ 1.4, P ≤ 0.025, S ≤ 0.015, CEq ≤ 0.43, and CEp ≤ 0.25. Unless otherwise agreed, Cu, Ni, Cr, and Mo shall be less or equal to 0.50%. Nb + V + Ti ≤ 0.15%.
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API 5L X65 pipes
API 5L X65 PSL1 pipes are commonly used in high-pressure environments, which require higher mechanical properties. It has a high content of C, Mn, Si, P and S. API 5L X65 PSL2 pipes are composed of C ≤ 0.18, Si ≤ 0.18, Mn ≤ 1.70, P ≤ 0.025, S ≤ 0.015, all of these elements are in lesser composition as compared to a API 5L X65 PSL2 pipe.
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API 5L X70 pipes
The minimum yield strength of API 5L X70 steel pipe is 70,300 psi (485 Mpa). Controlled micro-alloyed carbon-manganese steels are used in the contemporary X70 steel pipe. The major elements in micro-alloys are Nb, V, and Ti, with a total percentage of micro-alloys of less than 0.15 percent. To know more about API 5L X70 PSL1 pipes and API 5L X70 PSL2 pipes, check out API 5L X70 PSL1 pipe manufacturer in India.
API 5L X72 pipes
We manufacture API 5L X72 PSL1 pipe of exceptional strength and unsurpassed durability. We are also a renowned API 5L X72 PSL2 pipe manufacturer in India. API 5L X72 PSL1 pipes and API 5L X72 PSL2 pipes are used in various industries like gas processing, specialty chemicals, pharmaceuticals, pharmaceutical equipment, chemical equipment and sea water equipment.
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API 5L X100 pipes
API 5L X100 pipes are used for transmission of oil, gas and water in not just petrochemical and petroleum industries, but also are used extensively in power plants, sugar mills, distilleries, refineries, offshore drilling, automotive, breweries, shipbuilding, cement, fertilizer, and construction industries for an array of applications. The strong API 5L X100 PSL1 pipes and API 5L X100 PSL2 pipes are well-suited to work in high-pressure and high-temperature conditions and with the specifications being so diverse and varied, it is very easy to find the type of pipe that will go with the unique requirements of these industries.
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Visit Tirox Steel India to know more about any of the Carbon steel pipes.