The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is a laboratory and non-regulation agency within the United States Department of Commerce. The NIST’s job is to promote consistent innovation and competitiveness in the industry of science. This includes nanoscale science, engineering, information technology, material measurement, and physical measurement. A lot of this since is related to common products and to highly sophisticated innovations used by the government and high-scale private companies. NIST works to continue to bring about improvements and security awareness for all cyberthreats, namely in their Incident Response Program.
The NIST Incident Response Process help all high-tech companies with every job necessary to develop the right abilities and prepare for any incident. This enables improvement for an IT’s detection of any cybersecurity threat that comes across its radar and execute a response plan that mitigate them. It promotes effective communications the threat is taken care of and collects relevant information for analysis, improving the entire security response for the future. This includes the different incident response playbooks for the multiple events that can come across the IT’s defense system.
Incident response playbooks are made to quickly provide effective and correct action during any cybersecurity threat to reduce any impact it could cause. It’s an emergency plan that is very practical, made early to list the steps, responsibilities, communication lines, and resources. The basic matters must be automatic to people when the time comes to be efficient during the response. The chapters work in order: prepare, identify, analyze, contain, removal, recovery, and summary. They are used to deal with malware, ransomware, phishing, DoS attacks, unauthorized access, and any manipulation to the system coming from inside.
An example can be found within the federal government. In 2015, inconsistencies in cyberevent response powers were found and were ordered to do a systematic overhaul of their mechanisms. Even with existing policies, standards, and guidelines, there is not one that is focused directly on cybersecurity recovery powers and identifying the fundamentals in response playbooks. Recovery plans were unorganized and only found under other categories in security, disaster recovery, and continuity. With constant threats in their national security, the government made changes in their response programs that made the firewall more foolproof from attempted hacks.
No one wants their cybersecurity defense to fail when needed, but it may suffer an unexpected fault during an incident. When a cyberattack occurs, the company must be prepared, armed with a response program and playbook, and solve the issue in a fast, appropriate, and effective manner. The entire process hangs on the company’s preparation to see that any type of attack is stopped because the damage is massive. Even the most notable companies are victims to a cyber-attack that exposes private information from their clients. The NIST Incident Response Program provides a clear guideline to cyber security teams in the status quo of dealing stopping, fixing, and learning from their cyber encounter.